By Trevor Bryce
Roman emperor Diocletian within the early 4th century AD.
Across the centuries, from the Bronze Age to Imperial Rome, we come upon an enormous array of characters and civilizations, enlivening, enriching, and besmirching the annals of Syrian background: Hittite and Assyrian nice Kings; Egyptian pharaohs; Amorite robber-barons; the biblically infamous Nebuchadnezzar; Persia's Cyrus the nice and Macedon's Alexander the nice; the rulers of the Seleucid empire; and an collection of Rome's so much distinctive and such a lot notorious emperors. All swept throughout the
plains of Syria sooner or later in her lengthy background. All contributed, in a single method or one other, to Syria's specific, specified personality, as they imposed themselves upon it, fought each other inside of it, or pillaged their method via it.
But this isn't only a heritage of invasion and oppression. Syria had nice rulers of her personal, native-born Syrian luminaries, occasionally showing as neighborhood champions who sought to free up their lands from overseas despots, occasionally as crafty, self-seeking manipulators of squabbles among their overlords. They culminate with Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, whose existence presents a becoming grand finale to the 1st 3 millennia of this historical civilization. And but the lengthy tale of Syria does not
end with the mysterious destiny of Queen Zenobia. the realization appears to be like ahead to the Muslim conquest within the seventh century advert: in lots of methods the outlet bankruptcy within the both complicated and infrequently historical past of recent Syria.
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Ancient Syria: A Three Thousand Year History by Trevor Bryce